Anterior dislocation is the most common dislocation.  Different pathology may be the cause ‒ capsulolabral, bony or combined.

Treatment depends on the age of the patient at initial dislocation, recurrence, mechanism of injury causing the dislocation, hyper laxity, sport activity level and associated injuries. 

The aim of treatment is a stable shoulder that allows your required activities. 


Conservative treatment:

You will be placed in a sling for 1 to 2 weeks until you feel comfortable to use the shoulder again.  The physiotherapist will start a rehabilitation programme and the outcome will determine your return to sport.



Surgery can be either an arthroscopic repair or open bony procedures ‒ Latarjet.  You will be evaluated by your doctor and a decision will be made on the surgery.

You will be in a sling for 2 to 6 weeks after the operation depending on the procedure.  Your rehabilitation with the physiotherapist is very important. 


You can only return to sport if you have:

  • No pain
  • Full range of motion
  • No instability or feeling of instability
  • Good muscle strength ‒ clinically or as determined with a CYBEX.

Non-contact athletes generally return to sport after 4 months, and contact athletes after about 6 months.